Tel Megiddo
Biblical Armageddon

Tel Megiddo is one of the most important findings of the last decades of Israel Archaeology. Tel Aviv University Megido Expedition has been responsible for the great findings during the years 1992 to 2010.

Breathtaking view of Jezreel Valley from Megiddo

Jezreel Valley strategic location

The Tel is a National Park near the Israeli city of Afula on the Jezreel Valley in the Lower Galilee.  From the northern part of the Tel, the view of Jezreel Valley is breathtaking.

Kibbutz Megiddo is as close as 1 km. Today Megiddo Junction is an important crossroads for people coming from Haifa and the Western Galilee to the Lower Galilee. Its location is near Wadi Ara an important mountain pass between Mount Carmel and the Valley.

It is a key location on the Via Maris, the ancient road that leads from Egypt to Damascus. In Hebrew it was called Derech Hayam meaning the way to the sea.

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Painting depicting the Second Advent of Christ in Armageddon

The Second Advent of Christ

I have my personal anecdote about this site. In 1992 when I brought a group of 250 of Latin Americans pilgrims, I was a witness that when the Pastor told the story of the “Second Coming of Jesus known as Christ’s Second Advent followed by and army of white horses”, some of the pilgrims in the group entered a state of ecstasies and cried for some time. I remember how impressed I was by the deep beliefs of these people.

Replica of Megiddo circa year 1,000 BCE

Armageddon of Ancient Times

It was famous in antiquity and known as Armageddon in the Christian Book of Revelations and also mentioned in old Egyptian writings.

It is of extreme importance to Christians especially under the Greek name Armageddon

In the more than 1,100 sq meters of size they have discovered an amazing temple of the Early Bronze Age that so far is one of the largest in the Near East.

What is still unknown to us is about the civilization that built this huge edifice.

So the team of excavators keep working non-stop in order to discover who those that built such a great Temple were.

Tel Megiddo National Park on the Jezreel Valley in Israel

Brief History of Tel Megiddo

There is a museum on the site displaying the history of Megiddo and a movie about the site.

It was a walled city about 7,000 years BC. One thousand years later it was conquered by Egypt, then came the Canaanites to be followed by Kings David and Solomon. The city reached its maximum importance during the reign of King Ahab around 2,900 year ago.

It then fell to the Assyrians and eventually demolished by the Egyptians in 609 BC, never to be rebuilt again.

Aerial View of Tel Megiddo and its excavations

King Ahab made a great contribution to Megiddo

The archaeologists have discovered many ruins showing the city’s past like the City Gate and the Ivory Palace with many objects and jewelry on site. Other sites include Ahab’s stables, and an array of water works and tunnels; the most important being a 25 meter deep shaft and a 70 meter tunnel leading to the spring located to the west of the Tel.

Stage for many Biblical Battles

Battle of Megiddo on the 15th century BC fought by the armies of Pharaoh of Egypt Thutmose III and a coalition of Canaanite and Kadesh forces

Battle of Megiddo during 609 BC between Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II and King Josiah of the Kingdom of Israel on which the Israelites were defeated.

Battle of Megiddo in 1918 during the end of World War I between allied troops led by General Edmund Allenby and the Ottoman Army.

Artifacts found on the diggings of Tel Megiddo

Many excavations during the years

1903 -1205 - First excavations were done by Gottlieb Schumacher for the German Society for the Study of Palestine. The techniques used by Schumacher were rudimentary and anyway his findings were destroyed in WWI before even being published.

1925 – New diggings by the University of Chicago continuing until 1939 date of the beginning of WWI.

1960 – 1971 Excavations led by Yigael Yadin for the Hebrew University.

As a result of the latest results, the site was designated as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005.

2010 Buknell University in cooperation with Tel Megido Expedition undertook excavations on the eastern front

I urge my readers of all religions to visit this spectacular Archaeological Site.

images credits
tel megiddo by nemo
tel # 2 by qasinka
aerial n/a
painting n/a
jezreel valley n/a
replica n/a

all courtesy of wikimedia commons

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