Old Testament Timeline

The Old Testament Timeline is an easy way to see the History of Eretz Israel or the Land of Israel in one shot. This is by no means a lesson in Israel history. It is just a dateline list of the major events that wrote the history of this Land sacred to Jews, Christians and Muslims.

The Jews lead by Moses cross the Red Sea
Painting by Cosimo Rosselli 1439-1507

Old Testament Period

  • 2000 B.C. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob the first Jews
  • 1650 B.C. Israel in Egypt – The Jews are slaves of the Pharaoes
  • 1280 B.C. Exodus from Egypt, Israel enters Promised Land.
  • 1200 B.C. Period of the Judges
  • 1020 B.C. Saul, David, Solomon the Kings of Israel
  • 950 B.C. Divided Monarchy
  • 721 B.C. Exile of the Northern Kingdom
  • 586 B.C. Exile of the Southern Kingdom
  • 539 B.C. Return of the Jews

King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba
Painting by Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640

Interim Period

  • 330 B.C. Alexander the Great
  • 301-200 B.C. Ptolemais Era
  • 200-135 B.C. Seleucid Era
  • 164 B.C. Hasmonean Revolt
  • 135-63 B.C. Jewish Independence
  • 63 B.C. Romans conquer the Land

Christ on the Storm of the Sea of Galilee
Painting by Ludolf Bakhuzen 1631-1708

From King Herod and Jesus to the Modern Times

  • 37-6 B.C. Herod the Great
  • 4 B.C. Birth of Jesus Christ in Nazareth
  • 4 B.C. to 6 A.D. Archelaus
  • 4 B.C. to 34 A.D. Herod Philip
  • 4 B.C. to 37 A.D. Herod Antipas
  • 6-41 A.D. Roman governors
  • 26-36 A.D. Pontius Pilate
  • 41-44 A.D. King Agrippa I
  • 44-66 A.D. Roman procurators
  • 66-74 A.D. First Jewish Revolt
  • 70 A.D. Jerusalem Falls to Romans
  • 325 A.D. Christianity proclaimed the Religion of the Roman Empire
  • 325-638 A.D. Byzantine Period
  • 638-1099 A.D. Muslim Period
  • 1099-1250 A.D. Crusader Period
  • 1250-1517 A.D. Mamluks Period
  • 1517-1917 A.D. Ottoman Turkish Empire
  • 1917-1947 A.D. British Mandate
  • 1948 A.D. Israel Independence

Map of the Ottoman Empire
By Mercator Hondius

The State of Israel is born

From this Old Testament Timeline we may continue learning about the interesting History of the Jews and the History of Israel.

From Old Testament Timeline go to Israel History
Go Israel Holy Land Home Page

Follow Me on Pinterest

Visit our sister Website s

Related Pages

Sea of Galilee


Jerusalem Churches

Tel Aviv

Flowers in the Negev