Jerusalem Churches

There are many Jerusalem Churches and many more in the rest of the country. For this reason a constant flow of Christian Pilgrims arrive to the Holy Land and Jerusalem in particular all year round.

They come from every country in the world and are guided by licensed tourist guides in more than 100 languages.

Jerusalem has been for ages the Center of the World for Christians and Jews. In many ancient Jerusalem maps it is shown as the center of the world surrounded by Asia, Europe and Africa. This is actually where Jerusalem and Middle East are located.

The Church of All Nations and the Gardens of Gethsemane

Old Jerusalem Churches

For 2,000 years since the times of Jesus, Christians have considered Jerusalem a Holy City and have built numerous churches in the Old and New sections along the years.

In this page I am going to mention the most important of them and in following pages a more detailed description church by church.

  • St James Church - Named for the brother of Jesus and for James de Apostle, is well known for its beauty and was built around the 12th Century. It hosts a shrine decorated with shells and pearls.

  • St James Monastery - Includes a residential area, a museum and contains gifts donated by pilgrims for a thousand years. It has a Library called the Gulbenkain Library. In the Museum you may see exhibits of Armenian art and information about the 1915 genocide by the Turks.
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The rich interiors of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Jerusalem Churches

  • The Church of the Holy Sepulchre - Where Jesus Christ was crucified died and was buried and then rose from the dead on the third day.

  • Lutheran Church of the Redeemer - Tourists like to admire its bell tower. If you want to go up the 180steps to the top of the tower, the view of the Old City is spectacular.

  • Church of St John the Baptist – Since it is closed to the public its entrance is difficult o find. It is one of oldest church in Jerusalem. It has been used as a hospice.

  • St Anne’s Church –It was built at the first half of the 12th Century, the era of the Crusaders. It is believed to be the site where Virgin Mary’s parents lived.

  • After the conquest by Saladin he converted the place into a Muslim School. The church was in ruins for many years until donated by the Ottomans to France. It is believed to be the site where Christ cured a paralyzed man.

  • St Andrews Church - It was built after the First World War as a memorial to the Scottish soldiers who died in the region.

  • Building started in 1927 and the church was opened to public in 1930. A guest house is located on the premises to accommodate visitors.

  • St Stephens Church - Was built at the end of the fifth century to host the Relics of St Stephen who was the first Christian Martyr.

  • There is an adjoining Monastery. The church was destroyed in the 12th century and rebuilt and dedicated in 1930, on the remains of the old one.

The Church of St John the Baptist

Jerusalem Churches

  • Monastery of the Flagellation – Considered by tradition the site where Christ was flogged by the Romans before being crucified.

  • Chapel of the Condemnation – Was built on the site where Christ was trialed by Pontius Pilates.

  • Ecce Homo Arch – It means “Behold the Man” in Latin. The Christian tradition tells that this where Pontius Pilate presented Christ to the crowd and spoke the words “Ecce Home”.  It is an arch built by the Romans in AD 70 and then reconstructed in AD 135.

  • Saint Mark's Church and Monastery – Built on the site of the house of Mary, the mother of St Marks. THE Monastery is nearby and opens to the public.

St James Monastery in Old Jerusalem

  • Mosque of the Ascension – Built on the site of Christ’s ascension, it’s sacred to Christians and Muslims alike. I was built around 370 AD and there is an imprint of Jesus’ right foot on a stone. After Saladin’s conquest it was converted into a Mosque.
  • Church of the Pater Noster – It is located over a grotto where it is believed Christ taught his disciples the Pater Noster, Our Father in English or Padre Nuestro in Spanish. Inside the church, the Lord’s Prayer is inscribed in panels in more than 130 languages.
  • D ominus Flevit Chapel – Here Jesus wept over the fate of Jerusalem. This is the meaning of the church’s name, The Lord Wept. From here you may grasp a great view of Old Jerusalem.
  • C hurch of St. Mary Magdalene – This is a Russian Orthodox Church famous for its golden onion domes. It was built by Tsar Alexander III in 1885.

Ecce Homo Arch in Old City Jerusalem

Jerusalem Churches

  • Church of All Nations – It is also known as the Church of Agony where Christ wept and agonized about his fate.

  • The origin of the church is on the 4th Century but it has been rebuilt many times over the years. It was originally a Byzantine Church and you may see the ruins inside the church.

  • Garden of Gethsemane – This is just the remains of a beautiful garden filled with olive trees. It is next to the Church of All nations.

  • Tomb of the Virgin and the Cave of Gethsemane - Are across from the Church of all Nations. It is called the tomb of the Virgin because it is believed that the disciples buried Jesus’ mother in that site.

  • Walking up the stairs are the niches of St Anne and St Joachim, the parents of Mary and the Virgin Mary itself. The cave of Gethsemane is just outside and is also called the cave of Betrayal, the place believed to be where Judas betrayed Jesus

There are so many Jerusalem Churches in the rest of Israel and many more around the world but the spirituality felt in Old City Jerusalem is unique.

Image Credits:
all nations by poco a poco
holy sepulchre n/a
st james by hanay
ecce homo na/a
john the baptist n/a

All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

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