Israel History
From Biblical Times to the Present Day

In order to talk about Israel History one need many pages and first we have to divide it into periods.

The history of our country and our people is all one. No matter where the Jews live their fate is always linked to Israel.

I have been learning about Jewish and Historu of Israel since I was a child in school. I am no expert on this matter, but will try to present to you the history in a clear and concise way in the following pages.

Abraham leading his son Isaac to Sacrifice
Painting by Domenichino 1581-1641 at the Kimbell Art Museum in Texas

Old Testament Timeline

17th Century BCE – Time of the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Here starts the history of the first monotheistic people and the beginning of Jews as a nation.

Abraham leaves his native Ur and settles in the Promised Land. Years later, in the times of Jacob and his sons they had to migrate to Egypt forced by famine.

13th Century BCE – Moses leads the Israelites on the Exodus out of Egypt. They wandered in the desert for 40 years, received from God the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai and enter the Land of Israel lead by Joshua Bin Nun. They settle in the Land of Israel.

1020 to 960 BCE – Kingdom of Israel established with Saul as the First King. Then King David made Jerusalem the Capital of Israel.

Moses hits the Rock and gives water to his thirsty People
Painting by Jacopo da Ponte 1510-1592 at the Louvre Museum in Paris

King Solomon builds the First Temple

  • 960 BCE – King Solomon builds the First Temple in Ancient Jerusalem.
  • 930 BCE – The Kingdom is divided into Israel and Judah.
  • 720 BCE – Israel is crushed by the Assyrians and 10 of the 12 tribes are exiled. Known today as the 10 Lost tribes of Israel.
  • 586 BCE – Israel is conquered by Babylonia, Jerusalem and the First Temple is destroyed. Most Jews are exiled to Babylonia.
  • 536 – 142 BCE – Persian and Hellenistic Periods. Many Jews return to the Land and the Second temple is rebuilt.
  • 332 BCE – Alexander the Great Conquers the Land.
  • 166 – 63 BCE – Hasmonean (Maccabean) revolt and autonomy. Later independence under the Hasmoneans.
  • 63 BCE – Jerusalem conquered by Roman General Pompey.
  • Roman rule continues until 313 CE.

Common Era – Birth of Jesus

  • 20 – 33 – Ministry of Jesus of Nazareth.
  • Jesus is crucified on the cross at the end of Via Dolorosa.
  • Birth of Christianity

The Red Crescent Staff in the time of the Ottoman Empire

The Jews resist in Masada

  • 66 -73 – Jewish revolts against the Romans, destruction of the Second Temple. Jews resist to death in Masada.
  • 132 – 135 – The uprising of bar Kochba against the Romans.
  • 313 – 636 – 323 years of Byzantine rule.
  • 614 – Persian invasion.
  • 636 – 1099 – Arab rule for 463 years.
  • 691 – Dome of the rock is built on Temple Mount on the remains of the First and Second Temple.
  • 1099 – 1291 – Crusaders domination – The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem for 192 years.
  • 1291 – 1516 – Mameluk rule for 225 years
  • 1517 – 1917 – Ottoman rule for 400 years.
  • 1564 – Shulchan Aruch (Code of Jewish Law) is published.
  • 1860 – Beginning of the Creation of Israel.

First Aliyah or First group of Jews arriving to Eretz Israel in the 1800s

In the following pages I am going to elaborate a little more about Israel History and after that the creation of the State of Israel.

Image Credits for Israel History:
All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

From Israel History go to Ancient Jerusalem
Go to Birth of Israel
Go to Creation of Israel

Go to Old Testament Timeline
Go to Six Day War

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