Israel Facts

Here are some Israel facts or as I like to call it the Identity card of my country Israel, which is located in the Middle East.

The area is the crossroads between Europe, Africa and Asia. The whole area is also known as the Land of Israel or the Holy Land.

The Seven Branch Menorah is the Emblem of the State of Israel

Some Facts about Israel

  • Official Name: The State of Israel
  • Form of Rule: Parliamentary Democracy
  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Area: 22,072 square kilometers
  • Population: 7.8 million persons
  • Distribution by Religion: 75.6% Jews, 16.6% Muslim, 1.6% Christian and 1.6% Druze, 0.40% non-Arab Christians and 3.9% unclassified by religion.
  • Official Languages: Hebrew, Arabic
  • Israel Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)
  • GDP per Person: $28,365
  • Quality of Life Classification: 15th place in world
  • International Dialing Code: 972
  • Internet Suffix: il
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The Flag of the State of Israel and the Jewish People

Israel Facts
State Emblems

  • Israeli Flag
    The flag of Israel is composed of two blue stripes against a white background, with a Magen David, blue Shield of David or hexagram between them.

  • Israel’s National Anthem
    The national anthem of the State of Israel is Hatikvah in English the Hope. The lyrics were written by the poet, Naphtali Herz Imber (1856–1909), and the melody is a Romanian folk song quoted by the Czech composer Bedrich Smetena.

    Hatikvah was chosen as the Zionist movement’s anthem and, upon the establishment of the State of Israel, was accepted as the national anthem. However, the song was only officially recognized by the Knesset as Israel’s national anthem in 2004.

  • The Menorah, Emblem of the State
    The emblem of the State of Israel is the seven branched menorah or candelabrum with olive branches at both sides, and with the name Israel appearing beneath.

    The source of the Menorah is an engraving on the Arch of Titus in Rome, depicting the victory march of the Roman commander Titus after he crushed the Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans and destroyed the Temple in 70 CE.

    The source of the olive branches is a prophecy of the prophet Zechariah. The candelabrum of the Temple in Jerusalem engraved on the Arch of Titus symbolizes not only the illustrious past of the people of Israel, but also its defeat and the beginning of its exile.

    So, the choice of this specific candelabrum not only linked the new state to its illustrious past, it also brought the Menorah back from its long exile, thus indirectly symbolizing the end of the Diaspora.

The Anthem of Israel Hatikvah - "The Hope"

Israel Facts
Form of Rule in Israel

  • Legislative
    The State of Israel is a parliamentary democracy, headed by the president, whose role is essentially symbolic and representative.

    The country is, in fact, managed by three authorities: the legislative authority, the Israeli Parliament or the Knesset, the executive authority, the government, and the judiciary authority. The legislative authority in Israel is the Knesset (the name of the parliament in Israel), which has 120 members chosen in general elections once every four years.

    The Knesset enacts laws, makes political decisions, chooses the president and the government, and supervises the government’s activity.
  • Executive
    The executive authority in Israel is the government. It is responsible for executing the laws enacted by the Knesset and for the proper governance of the State.

    The prime minister is a Knesset member whom the president charged with the role of forming the coalition government, and who formed a government that gained the confidence of the Knesset.

    Since the establishment of the state, no single party has enjoyed an absolute majority in the Knesset. Therefore, all of Israel’s governments have always been coalition governments.

  • Judicial
    The third authority in Israel is the judiciary, which is responsible for maintaining law in the state. At the head of the legal system stands the Supreme Court.

  • It hears appeals against judgments of the lower courts, and also sits as a High Court of Justice for petitions submitted by civilians against the State authorities. Besides the ordinary, or civilian, legal system, Israel has courts which the law has bestowed with unique authority in specific matters.

    Among these courts are the Labor Court, the Military Court, and the religious courts (Jewish, Muslim, Christian and Druze), which deal with matters of personal status such as marriage and divorce.

The Knesset or Israeli Parliament standing proud on a hill in Jerusalem

Israel Climate

Israel is today a developed country in a sector of the world with a much diversified climate. Since the country is long from north to south, you may see snow covered mountains on the north, especially Mt Hermon on the Golan Heights; and after driving a few hours you encounter the dry wilderness of the Negev Desert and much warmer weather.

Now you have the most important Israel Facts. Enjoy the visit to our modern country.

Image Credits:
All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

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