Akko is known by many names and spellings. Acco is one of them and in English and Latin languages it is known as Acre.
It is one of the oldest cities in the world that have been constantly inhabited. It is important to mention that it is the place of birth of the Bahai Religion.
Acco is one of three Israel sites declared by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.
Aerial view of the Walled City of Acre
On the northern tip of Haifa Bay
The city is a port that in ancient history was as important as Alexandria in Egypt or Constantinople in Turkey.
Today is like any other Israeli city but with an important presence of Arabs of many denominations like Christians, Muslims and Druze.From Akko you can have a spectacular view of the Mediterranean Sea and the city of Haifa Israel on the other side of Haifa Bay.
Khan El Umdan was a meeting place for Caravans with grain
Places of Interest in Akko
The Bahai Gardens in Acre
Resting place of Baha U llah, the prophet of the Bahai faith
Underground Prisoners Museum in Akko
History of Akko
During the conquest of Alexander the Great in 332 BCE, the city of Acre was incorporated into his empire. Then it was conquered Egyptian King Ptolemy II which renamed it as Ptolemais. On the 7th Century CE with the Muslim conquest, the name was restored to the city.
The Crusaders conquered the Land in 1104 and renamed the city to St Jean d’Acre or plain Acre. The Latin Kingdom of the Crusaders came to an end when the Mamluks invaded and destroyed the city killing all remaining Crusaders. know as Richard the Lion Hearted took Acre from the Muslims and killed close to three thousand war prisoners.
During the Ottoman Empire the Bedouin Sheikh Daher El Omar took to himself a small part of the empire and made Acco his capital building a large fortress. Years later the Turkish Governor Ahmad Pasha al Jazeer fortified the city and build the mosque Al Jazeer, one of the most beautiful mosques in Israel.
Until 1918 it was under the Ottoman control. The city became then part of the British mandate over Palestine. The British used the never breached fortress as a prison to hold and execute many fighters of the Jewish underground groups.
The busy Market or Shuk in Acco
Israel’s War of Independence
On the day of May 4, 1947, almost a year before Independence the Irgun staged a dramatic rescue. Few Jews escaped but it was real bust for the Moral of the Yishuv (Jewish Community of Eretz Israel). It was shown on the film Exodus and today it is the home of Underground prisoners Memorial Museum.
During the War of Independence when the Arabs invaded, the Israeli troops took control of Acco and it is part of the State of Israel until now.
As you see Akko is full of History and places of interest for a visit with the kids, your significant other or plainly by yourself.
bahai gardens by dragfyre
aerial by asaf
khan el umdan by tamara
shuk by almog
undergraound museum by teicher
All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
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