Birth of Israel
After Two Thousand Years of Exile


On May 14, 1948 was the Birth of Israel. The Palestinian Jews finally declared their own State of Israel and became "Israelis."

But the happiness did not endure, on the next day seven neighboring Arab countries declared war on the newly established Israel. They also encouraged the Arab residents to leave to make the destruction of the Jewish State easier for them. They promised them upon their return they will be given all the properties of the “fleeing” Jews.

Needless to say that there was no “Destruction of the Jews” and the war ended in about 19 months. Israel survived after an immense loss of its population in what it's called the War of Independence in Hebrew Milchemet Hashichrur.

The Monument for the War of Independence on the road to Jerusalem


Israeli citizens versus Refugees

Those Arabs that stayed became Israeli citizens and today they enjoy the highest standard of living of any Arabs in any of their countries.

The rest became refugees in countries like Jordan and Lebanon. Up to this writing, those refugees are still refugees and have not been absorbed as citizens in those countries.

On the other hand, due to persecution, the Jews of the Arab World had to flee the countries where they lived for generations leaving behind their wealth. Israel took care of their absorption.

Israel sent planes to the Arab countries to bring home the Jews
The operation bringing the Jews from Yemen was named  "Magic Carpet"


After the war of Independence

When the war ended Israel was left with a country almost the size of the one proposed by the United Nations two years before.

The Gaza Strip was in Egyptians hands and the West Bank of the Jordan River together with East Jerusalem including the Old City Jerusalem in the hands of Trans Jordan.

Later the territories were absorbed fully into the country that changed its name to Jordan.

Menahem Begin and Anwar Sadat
Signed the historic Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel


What happened after the Birth of Israel

When the war ended Israel was left with a country almost the size of the one proposed by the United Nations two years before.

The Gaza Strip was in Egyptians hands and the West Bank of the Jordan River together with East Jerusalem including the Old City Jerusalem in the hands of Trans Jordan. Later the territories were absorbed fully into the country that changed its name to Jordan.

War after war

  • 1956 – Sinai Campaign against Nasser of Egypt with the help of France and Britain.

  • 1967 – Six Day War. I participated in this war and will tell you my story.

  • 1968 – 1970 - Egypt’s War of attrition against Israel 1973 – Yom Kippur War

  • 1982 – Operation Peace for the Galilee (Shlom Hagalil) against the PLO in Lebanon

  • 2006 – War with Hezbollah in Lebanon

Very good things happened

While the Arabs keep trying to destroy Israel, many great things happened to our country since the Birth of Israel:

  • 1948- 1952 – Mass immigration from Arab countries and Post-War Europe.

  • 1964 – The National Water carrier (Hamobil Haartzi) was completed bring water from the Sea of Galilee to the center and south of the country.

Yitzhak Rabin, King Hussein and President Clinton
At the signing of the Peace Treaty of Jordan and Israel


  • 1977 – 1978 – Historic visit of Anwar Sadat, president of Egypt, to Jerusalem and signing of the first Peace treaty with any Arab country, the Israel – Egypt Peace Treaty.

  • 1981 – Israel Air Force destroys the Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it became operative.

  • 1985 – Free trade agreement signed between the United States and Israel

  • 1989 – After the fall of the Iron Curtain begins a mass immigration of Jews from the former Soviet Union countries.

Israeli soldier of Ethiopian origin an example of integration


  • 1991 – Operation Solomon brings thousands of Black Jews from Ethiopia.

  • 1993 – History beginning of negotiations with the Palestinians in Oslo. Nobel Prize awarded to Rabin Peres and Arafat.

  • 1994 – Peace treaty is signed with Jordan by Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein.

  • 1998 – Israel celebrates its 50th Anniversary of its Independence.

  • 2005 – Israel’s unilateral evacuation of the Gaza Strip.

This has been a brief summary of the events since the birth of Israel. Always surrounded with enemies, always handing the olive branch of peace and at the same time developing to be one of the best developed countries in the world and still the only Democracy in the Middle East.

Image Credits:
independence monument by avishai teicher
ethiopian soldier by david bichetti
begin sadat n/a
hussein rabin n/a

All courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

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